Sidewalk Labs, a subsidiary of Google-parent company Alphabet, is planning to build a smart city from the ground up in an area of Toronto southeast of downtown called Quayside. In many smart city projects, municipal leaders struggle to move from limited pilot projects to a full integration of smart technologies on a large-scale basis. Sidewalk Labs is partnering with Waterfront Toronto, a group set up in 2001 by Ontario’s provincial government with the charge of revitalizing the city’s waterfront area into what Chief Development Officer Meg Davis called an area “that will be an exemplar to rest of the world to build cities that have the greatest impact on our future.” The largely undeveloped urban area comprises some 800 acres.